Intrauterine Insemination (IUI)
In IUI the semen is collected from the partner and is prepared in the lab and then inserted into the uterine cavity at the time of ovulation to facilitate fertilisation.
In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF)
In IVF the egg and the sperm are extracted and allowed to fertilise under lab conditions in a petri dish, post which the embryos are transferred to the uterus.
Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI)
In ICSI, fertilisation is achieved by injecting a single sperm into the egg with the help of a micromanipulator. The resultant embryo is later transferred to the uterus for implantation.
Frozen Embryo Transfer (FET)
This procedure involves embryos that are frozen in a previous cycle and can be thawed and transferred in another cycle. Success rates for FET are better than fresh embryo transfers.
Embryos are cultured in a lab until they reach the blastocyst stage (day 5) , post which, best quality blastocysts are transferred into the uterus for implantation. This process ensures that only best quality embryos are transferred, which results in better success rates.
Cryopreservation of Sperms and Oocytes
This is especially useful for couples planning to postpone pregnancy or undergoing cancer treatment, wherein, the sperms or oocytes are extracted and frozen for later use.
Intra-Cytoplasmic Morphologically Selected Sperm Injection (IMSI)
A single good quality sperm is selected based on its morphology and is injected directly into the ooplasm to ensure that fertilisation occurs using the necessary laboratory tools.
Endometrial Receptivity Array (ERA)
Endometrium is the inner lining of the uterus which thickens during the menstrual cycle, preparing the uterus for embryo implantation. ERA is a test carried out to check the window of implantation for best results.
Uterine Nk (Natural Killer) Cell Activity Tests
NK cells are the immune cells of the uterus. During fertilization, the body suppresses the NK cell activity in order to ensure the embryo is implanted. However in some cases, these cells may show high levels of activity which attack the embryo and prevent it from implantation. This test is done for patients who have had recurrent implantation failure.
Laser Assisted Hatching
The embryo has a protective outer shell which usually thins out to facilitate hatching in the uterus. In assisted reproduction, this shell (zona pellucida) is thick and does not allow the embryo to hatch. Laser assisted hatching is used to thin the wall to enhance the chances of hatching, thereby assisting implantation.
Pre-Implantation Genetic Screening / Diagnosis
Embryos are screened to identify 'good embryos' which helps us increase pregnancy rates
Chorionic Villus Biopsy
Chorionic villus sampling (CVS) is a diagnostic test that can confirm whether or not your baby has any genetic abnormalities. It involves removing and testing a small sample of cells from the placenta (the organ linking the mother’s blood supply to her unborn baby). It is only offered if there's a high risk your baby could have a genetic or chromosomal condition. It is usually carried out between the 11th and 14th weeks of pregnancy, although it's sometimes performed later than this if necessary.
Foetal Blood Sampling
Fetal blood sampling (FBS) involves collecting of fetal blood directly from the umbilical cord or fetus. The fetal blood is tested for signs of anaemia and other blood problems. Fetal blood sampling is usually done by a specially trained perinatologist, a doctor who specializes in the care of the fetus in high-risk pregnancies. It is done as part of diagnosing, treating, and monitoring fetal problems at various times during pregnancy.
Amniocentesis is a prenatal procedure most often done between 16 and 20 weeks of pregnancy (gestation). During this procedure, amniotic fluid is removed for testing. The amniotic fluid contains cells that the baby has naturally shed. Cells and proteins within the amniotic fluid are examined in the lab to test for specific fetal disorders. If amniocentesis results show that your baby has a birth defect or chromosome abnormality, you are given information about the specific problem and how it may affect the baby.
Laparoscopy is often used to identify and diagnose the source of abdominal or pelvic pain. It’s usually performed when other non-invasive methods are unable to help with diagnosis. Advanced operative laparoscopy, when performed by trained laparoscopic surgeons in technically well-equipped centers with the help of sufficient laparoscopic support staff, has proved out to be safe and effective in many cases. It is also widely used to carry out surgical procedures such as the removal of diseased or damaged tissue, fibroids or cysts as well as for biopsies.
Hysterectomy is a surgical procedure used for the removal of uterus and fibroid tumours and also used in treating many other chronic pain conditions as well as certain types of cancer and infections. Treatment of endometriosis is also one of the other common reasons for a hysterectomy. Hysterectomies are often done because of heavy or abnormal vaginal bleeding that cannot be linked to any specific cause and cannot be controlled by other means. The scope of a hysterectomy varies depending on the reason for the surgery.