Infertility on the rise

Infertility on the rise

Many couples are nowadays facing fertility problems, some of which can be easily treated if consulted at the right time. Generally, as women grow older, especially after 35, their probability of becoming pregnant goes down, as well as the risk of miscarriage increases. As we age, our reproductive system starts aging, thereby increasing the complications of pregnancy thereafter.

What is Infertility?

Infertility refers to an inability to conceive after having regular unprotected sex. Infertility can also refer to the biological inability of an individual to contribute to conception, or to a female who cannot carry a pregnancy to full term. In many countries, infertility refers to a couple that has failed to conceive after 12 months of regular sexual intercourse without the use of contraception.

Infertility has traditionally been thought of as a woman’s problem. But as it turns out, men are equally to blame “Male factor” contributes to infertility around half the time, and about one-third of the time it is the main cause of infertility.

Any of the following can cause a man to have a low sperm count or abnormal sperm:

  • Varicocele — an abnormal collection of bulging veins above the testicle; they are the most common cause of correctable male infertility, accounting for 38% of cases
  • Undescended testicles
  • Infections in the testicles (orchitis), the prostate (prostatitis), or elsewhere in the body
  • Chemotherapy for cancer
  • Medicines such as anabolic steroids or anti-seizure medicines
  • Genetic abnormalities
  • Hormone problems

In some cases, these problems can be reversed, but other times they can’t. An evaluation by a physician is the only way to sort it out.

Treatment for Male Infertility:

The ultimate goal of male infertility treatment is to create a pregnancy. Ideally, the cause of the infertility is reversible and then conception can result from natural sex. Here are some common male infertility treatments.

  • Varicoceles are repaired with surgery to block off the abnormal veins. This seems to result in a significant improvement in fertility, although some studies disagree.
  • Hormonal abnormalities can sometimes be treated with medicine or surgery.
  • Obstructions in the sperm transport can sometimes be surgically corrected.

In the past, if the above methods didn’t work, it often meant lifelong male infertility. Today assisted reproductive techniques (ARTs) offer a wide range of treatments for treating male infertility. These high-tech and expensive male infertility treatments give sperm an artificial boost to fertilise the egg. ART  has made conception possible even for men with very low or abnormal sperm.

A “female” factor — scarring from sexually transmitted disease or endometriosis, ovulation dysfunction, poor nutrition, hormone imbalance, ovarian cysts, pelvic infection, tumour, or transport system abnormality from the cervix through the fallopian tubes — is responsible for 40 – 50% of infertility in couples.

There are a number of things that may contribute to female infertility, such as:

  • Damage to your fallopian tubes: These structures carry eggs from your ovaries, which produce eggs, to the uterus, where the baby develops. They can get damaged when scars form after pelvic infections, endometriosis, and pelvic surgery. That can prevent sperm from reaching an egg.
  • Hormonal problems: You may not be getting pregnant because your body isn’t going through the usual hormone changes that lead to the release of an egg from the ovary and the thickening of the lining of the uterus.
  • Cervical issues: Some women have a condition that prevents sperm from passing through the cervical canal.
  • Uterine trouble: You may have polyps and fibroids that interfere with getting pregnant. Uterine polyps and fibroids happen when too many cells grow in the endometrium which is the lining of the uterus.
  • “Unexplained” infertility: For about 20% of couples who have infertility problems, the exact causes are never pinpointed.

With the rate of infertility on the rise as it is today, there are also many fertility clinics that offer some or all of the following treatments:

Milann’s approach to treating infertility for both men and women is obviously a cut above the rest which is why Milann has been awarded as “India’s best fertility & IVF center” by Praxis Media and has also been ranked #1 nationwide consecutively for 2016 and 2017 according to the Times Health Survey. For more information on awards and recognitions, visit

Click here: for more information about Milann.  If you have a query reach us at or call 1800 4076 45266.


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