Third-party reproduction refers to the involvement of someone other than the couple that plans to raise the child. It involves the use of eggs, sperms, or embryos that have been donated by a third person (donor) to enable an infertile couple to become parents. Gestational surrogacy in which the pregnancy is carried by someone other than the intended parent(s) is also a form of third party reproduction.
Egg Donation – For women who are unable to use their own eggs, due to a variety of conditions like
Surrogacy– Surrogate is a woman who agrees to become pregnant and carry the baby to term and hand over the baby to the biological parents after giving birth. For women who cannot carry the baby for themselves because of varying conditions like.
The process of finding an egg donor/ surrogate requires time and careful consideration. Few months may be required for finding a suitable donor/ surrogate mother. Once the donor/ surrogate is finalized both the parties need to sign a contract and settle financial aspects. The intending couple also is required to sign the consent forms for willingness to undergo donor IVF/ surrogacy program.
A pregnancy test is done after 14days of IUI with donor semen sample or after embryo transfer through donor IVF program. Surrogates stay in the home centres managed by the agencies till the time of delivery. Their pregnancies are supervised throughout the antenatal period.
According to the Center for Disease Control, the live birth rate for donor egg IVF is 55.9 percent for fresh embryo transfer and 40.2 percent for frozen embryo transfer.
For the intended mother, the primary risk of donor egg IVF is conceiving multiple pregnancies. To reduce the risk, as few embryos as possible should be transferred. Discuss with your doctor about whether single embryo transfer may be best for your situation.
Otherwise, there is no known risk associated with third-party involvement except for the rare possibility of transmitting certain genetic conditions.